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ISCFEDM – Section B, Fire Protection

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This page contains the presentations of Section B of the International Scientific Conference on Fire Engineering and Disaster Management 2021. (Az oldal a Tűzvédelmi Mérnöki és Katasztrófavédelmi Nemzetközi Tudományos Konferencia angol nyelvű előadásainak anyagait tartalmazza.)


Table of contents for this section

(Click the links below to jump to the desired presentation. Be advised: page load may be slow due to the embedded YouTube-videos. Please allow up to 1-2 minutes for the whole page to load.)

 

Subsection 1

Tóth-Pataki, Zs., Szép, J., Kerekes, Zs., Restás, Á.: Role of radiation  heat in the thermodynamic classification of polystyrene thermal insulators

Szalai, M.: Danger of dust explosion and importance of testing for explosive dusts

Hlavicka, V: Cracks in normal strength concrete and mortar subjected to elevated temperatures

Makovická Osvaldová, L.: Determination of selected fuel values of wood in case of forest fire in an area of natural disaster

 

Subsection 2

Raffai-Horváth Examination of the transport of high consequence flammable dangerous goods

Ragács, N., Kerekes, Zs.,  Szép, J.,Restás, Á.: Effect of Thermodynamic Behavior of Isolation Materials on smoke generation

Gyapjas, J., Bérczi, L.: Heat and smoke extraction from the point of view of the fire protection authority, in terms of with obtaining occupancy permit

Komlai, K., Restás. Á., Kerekes, Zs.: Fire Resistance Termodinamic Test of Self-supporting Double Skin Metal Faced Sandwich Panels

 

Subsection 3

Debreceni, P: Review of National Forest Fire Prevention System In Hungary Innovative Strategies for Fire Prevention

Péter Tóth, Péter Pántya: The role of ÉMI LLC. in Hungarian fire protection

Rhoda Mensah:Advances in Assessment Methods for Fire Safety

Peter Pantya: Issues of energy sources in the field of Fire Protection

 

Subsection 4

Peter Pantya: Basics of the fire protection of alternative energy sources

Király, L. Restás, Á.: Examination of ATEX rule changes in Hungary

Ragács, N-Kerekes, Zs-Restás, Á: Thermodynamic behavior of isolation materials exposed to radiation heat

Nováky, M.: Analysis both of the Official Fire Protection and Special Fire Protection Authorities in the System of Integrated Disaster Management

 

Subsection 5

S. Ramakrishna, O. Das, A. Restas: Microscale Combustion Calorimetry (MCC)

L. Bérczi, D. Farkas: Research on the development of the fire investigation procedures

Mészáros, I-Kátai-Urbán, L-Cimer, Zs-Gy. Vass: Hospital evacuation


Subsection 1

Tóth-Pataki, Zs., Szép, J., Kerekes, Zs., Restás, Á.: Role of radiation  heat in the thermodynamic classification of polystyrene thermal insulators

Abstract: The coating of buildings and facilities with insulating material is of paramount importance in connection with energy efficiency. Insulation is manufactured differently depending on the type, but they are certified according to a uniform standard. In the present dissertation, we examine the three most common “white” EPS, XS and graphite materials, whether the so-called EUROCLASS EN 11 925 so-called small flame test. Furthermore, do the effects of cutting surfaces in practical use on fire protection show a difference between “factory cut” surfaces and “home cut”. The small flame test showed that since there is no flame combustion, so the flame propagation does not give a meaningful qualification among the EPS samples. Therefore, further tests should be continued with radiant heat. On the other hand, the radiant heat reaches the material over a larger area, so that an early effect of the fire can be better modeled. Burning of the materials is always preceded by the preliminary heat load, with significant damage, which already makes a significant difference between the individual samples. This is because the deformation increases at a very faster rate than the burnout itself.

Zsofia Toth-Pataki was born 1989 in Budapest. She began her hight studies in 2008 at the Széchenyi István University (SZE) Győr., and obtained the Bsc degree in civil engineering, settlement engineering specialization. She began her fire engineer studies in 2018 at Ybl Miklós Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering Fire-safety Engineering Óbuda University. She’s planning to start her Msc studies as infrastructure engineer, geotechnics specialization. She has been a member of the fire protection laboratory of the ÉMI Nonprofit Company for years. Nowadays she is a Technical director at a general construction company and in addition, she completes her internship in fire protection design. She has been university lecturer since 2021 at Széchenyi István University (SZE) Győr. She has been interest about fire protection since 2013. Main fields of interest is thermal insulation systems.

Ágoston Restás, PhD habil., PhD - Restas.Agoston@uni-nke.hu Dr Ágoston Restás (Eng., ret. Firefighter Lt. Colonel) habilitated associate professor at the National University of Public Service, Faculty of Law Enforcement, Institute of Disaster Management, head of the Department of Fire Protection and Rescue Operation Management. Restas holds mechanical engineering (1988), economist (1999) and disaster manager (2002) degrees. In 2008 Restás made his PhD thesis at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defense University, titled “Research and development of the aerial reconnaissance and extinguishing of forest fires”. In 2013 Restas prepared his other PhD thesis at the Corvinus University of Budapest, titled “Decision-making of firefighting managers in emergencies”. Habilitation was also passed in 2015 at the National University of Public Service, Budapest.

Zsuzsanna Kerekes was born 1958 in Budapest. She began her hight studies in 1976 at the Pannon University in Veszprém, and obtained the MSc degree in chemical engineering, silicate chemistry specialization.  She began her dr.univ studies in 1981 at the Doctoral School of Budapest University of Technology Faculty of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. She has been an university lecturer since 1999-2020 at Ybl Miklós Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering Fire-safety Engineering Óbuda University as fire protection laboratory leader. She obtained a PhD degree in 2015 and habil degree in 2019. Instructor since 2019 at the University of Public Service. She has been working in her profession for 40 years in various fields: material structure research, ceramics, glass, analytics.  Her research topic is “research and development combustion mechanism of non-combustible and combustible materials,”

Szép János was born 1971 in Győr. He passed his MSc degree in 1989 at the Budapest University of Technology, structural engineering specialization. He has been university lecturer since 2006 at Széchenyi István University (SZE) Győr. He obtained his PhD degree in 2015 at the Doctoral School of Multidisciplinary Engineering Sciences in Győr. He has been vice dean for educational affairs at Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Transport Sciences in SZE since 2015, head of Department of Structural Engineering and Geotechnics since 2019. His main fields of interest are: soil-structure interaction, fire design at loadbearing structures, behaviour of constructions materials at elevated temperature. szepj@sze.hu


Szalai, M.: Danger of dust explosion and importance of testing for explosive dusts

Abstract: When assessing dust explosion risks in industrial environments, one challenging and poorly understood question is “what should we test”? For liquids and gases, flammability data (at least under atmospheric pressure and normal temperature conditions) are well understood and available in the open literature for most common liquids and gases. Such data for dusts is more limited because of the major impact of particle size, moisture content and even particle morphology. The complexity is compounded often as many products are made up of a number of components, so that there is a virtually unlimited number of “materials” in existence with properties different from the individual components. Even worse is the situation that those secondary components are not always obvious in the name.

The main hazard characteristics of powders associated with dust explosion can be categorised as ignition sensitivity, explosion severity, flammable limits and electrostatic properties .

Main hazard characteristics of combustible dusts

  • Ignition sensitivity
  • Explosion severity
  • Flammable limits
  • Electrostatic properties

The main hazard characteristics of combustible dusts can be determined by laboratory tests.

This presentation provides some insight into what tests need to be performed to design the appropriate equipment for an explosive hazard for a given explosive technology, to select appropriate explosion-proof equipment, and to identify explosive zones in accordance with the ATEX Directives.

 

Monika Szalai was graduated as chemical engineering MSc in 1997 from the Faculty of Chemical Engineering of Budapest University of Technology.

In 2014, she graduated as a fire protection engineer.

In 2017, she graduated as an occupational safety engineer.

Areas of work: chemical technology design, explosion protection, she is an explosion protection specialist


Hlavicka, V: Cracks in normal strength concrete and mortar subjected to elevated temperatures

Abstract: Being exposed to high temperatures (fire), various chemical and physical changes happen in concrete, resulting in the loss of load-bearing capacity. Several researchers investigated changes in the compressive strength, tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of different types of concrete exposed to high temperature. On the other hand, only a few papers focused on the cracks and the crack propagation in thermally damaged concrete. The main goals of the presented research are examination of the properties of cracks and crack propagation in thermally damaged concrete and provision of parameters for finite element and other calculations.

Keywords: concrete, fire, fracture, fracture energy, CMOD

Viktor Hlavička is a civil engineer, obtained his PhD in 2019. He works as an assistant professor at the Department of Construction Materials and Technologies in the Budapest University of Technology and Economics. His main fields of research are the experimental testing and modelling of thermally damaged concrete and anchors in concrete. He is a member of the Hungarian Group of fib (International Federation for Structural Concrete).


Makovická Osvaldová, L.: Determination of selected fuel values of wood in case of forest fire in an area of natural disaster

Abstract: Forest fires are quite a common phenomenon, even on the European continent. Even if this phenomenon was quite rare in our territory in the past, it needs to be given close attention in the future. Fire-fighting requires great manpower and resources, in many cases on a long-term scale. The equipment, machinery and tactics of intervention units specializing in forest fire-fighting are always changing. Forest fire-fighting has become the subject of much research, and predictive scenarios for forest fire development are designed and tested. The latest equipment, geographic information systems (GIS), knowledge of geomorphological and climate conditions, and meteorological conditions are all included in fire simulations. An important factor for such a simulation is knowing what kind of fuel naturally occurs in the area of the potential forest fire. This article aims to compare methods of testing the fire characteristics and differences in fuel properties according to the position of the wood on the tree (branch, trunk and root) for various coniferous tree species (spruce, fir, pine and larch).  To determine these characteristics, the test method, in particular the dimensions of the samples, had to be modified. The results of the experiments are presented in this article in the form of charts.

Key words: forest fire, coniferous tree species, weight loss, burning rate.

doc. Bc. Ing. Linda Makovická Osvaldová, PhD. is an associate professor at the Department of Fire Engineering at the Faculty of Security Engineering. She is involved in teaching the subjects of Safety and Health Protection in the Fire and Rescue Corps, Fire Safety of Technological Processes and Fire Testing, and in teaching Erasmus+ students. In her scientific and educational activities, she deals with the issues of occupational safety and health protection of rescue forces, testing of materials used in technological processes and in building constructions, as well as with natural materials in forest fires and their impact on the safety of rescue corps in fire fighting. She works within the field of occupational safety and fire prevention (development of e-learning modules for training of employees). She is an active member of both domestic and foreign organizations: The Slovak Association for Occupational Safety and Health and Fire Protection; Common vision: Work safety in the building industry in the Czech Republic; and The American Association of International researchers (AAIR). She is a member of several editorial boards of foreign and domestic magazines: Bezpečná práca, Journal of Engineering  and Architecture, Acta Universitas Matthiae Belii séria Enviromentálne manažérstvo, European Journal of Environmental and Safety sciences, Delta journal. Her scientific research activities are varied and published both in indexed journals and in indexed conferences. She is active in international fora where she has presented the results of various projects.


Subsection 2

Raffai-Horváth Examination of the transport of high consequence flammable dangerous goods

Abstract: The purpose of the poster was to give a short professional presentation of the transport of high consequence flammable dangerous goods. Being aware of public safety planning and dangerous goods with a high risk to public security is not only important for those who work with dangerous goods on a daily basis, but it is also an essential topic for those who live near facilities with such activities, routes or rest areas. In order to protect the inhabitants’ lives and the environment, the prevention of accidents during the shipping of dangerous goods is necessary, together with the quick and professional elimination of a possible occurrence. One of the goods with a high risk to public safety is flammable and explosive substances, which pose a serious threat to human life and the environment, because where there is a substance with this property, there is a constant risk of fire. Companies and plants engaged in the transport and storage of dangerous goods must prepare a safety plan in order to maintain public safety.

Maj. Hermina Horváth is an assistant lecturer at the National Directorate General for Disaster Management, who works at the Institute of Disaster Management of the Faculty of Law Enforcement at the University of Public Service since 2012.

She was born on 17 of April 1988 in Szekszárd. She began her studies in 2006 at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defence University obtained the BSc degree in defence administration as a defence administration officer and in 2009 the MSc degree in defence administration as a defence administration manager, disaster specialization. She began her PhD studies in 2013 at the Doctoral School of Military Engineering at the University of Public Service.

Her research topic is emergency planning at railway marshalling yards, and dangerous goods transportation. She is also has a certificate of training as safety adviser for the transport of dangerous goods by road, rail and inland waterway. In addition she is the secretary at Scientific Students Association at the Faculty of Law Enforcement at UPS. She received the excellent lecturer title of the Institute in 2017.

Zsófia Raffai is a graduate student of Department of Industrial Safety at the Institute of Disaster Management of the Faculty of Law Enforcement at the University of Public Service. She was born on 27 of January, 1999 in Zalaegerszeg. She started the scientific activity at Scientific Student’s Conference in November 2020, where she took third place, thus advancing to the national round. Her research topic is the system of transport of dangerous goods and public security planning. She applied for the master's degree in Disaster Management at the University of Public Service, which started in September 2021.


Ragács, N., Kerekes, Zs.,  Szép, J.,Restás, Á.: Effect of Thermodynamic Behavior of Isolation Materials on smoke generation

Abstract: In our work, we investigated the thermodynamic nature of three insulating materials as a function of temperature and time. The thermoanalytical analysis is performed by thermogravimetry, differential thermal analysis, and mass spectrometry with evolving gas analysis [1]. The aim of the test is to determine the change in a selected material before the appearance of flame. In thermal analysis, the study of the change in mass and enthalpy of selected samples as a function of temperature and during the heating of materials over a time interval and the evolution of gases. The results of thermoanalytical studies show in advance how a material can behave, what changes take place as under fire. The decomposition process and temperature provide information on the appearance of the expected toxic gases. There is a relationship between smoke generating ability and thermodynamic properties, they still contain combustible material.

Nikoletta Ragács was born 1992 in Budapest. She began his hight studies at the Szent Istvan University in Budapest, and graduated in fire safety engineer.  Since 2014 fire safety engineer at the National Directorate General for Disaster Management. She has been working in the fire safety design and contruction. Her research topic is “burning of the plastic and rockwool thermal insulators, polystyrene, polyurethane foams, thermoanalytical tests” 

 

 

 

Ágoston Restás, PhD habil., PhD - Restas.Agoston@uni-nke.hu Dr Ágoston Restás (Eng., ret. Firefighter Lt. Colonel) habilitated associate professor at the National University of Public Service, Faculty of Law Enforcement, Institute of Disaster Management, head of the Department of Fire Protection and Rescue Operation Management. Restas holds mechanical engineering (1988), economist (1999) and disaster manager (2002) degrees. In 2008 Restás made his PhD thesis at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defense University, titled “Research and development of the aerial reconnaissance and extinguishing of forest fires”. In 2013 Restas prepared his other PhD thesis at the Corvinus University of Budapest, titled “Decision-making of firefighting managers in emergencies”. Habilitation was also passed in 2015 at the National University of Public Service, Budapest.

Zsuzsanna Kerekes was born 1958 in Budapest. She began her hight studies in 1976 at the Pannon University in Veszprém, and obtained the MSc degree in chemical engineering, silicate chemistry specialization.  She began her dr.univ studies in 1981 at the Doctoral School of Budapest University of Technology Faculty of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. She has been an university lecturer since 1999-2020 at Ybl Miklós Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering Fire-safety Engineering Óbuda University as fire protection laboratory leader. She obtained a PhD degree in 2015 and habil degree in 2019. Instructor since 2019 at the University of Public Service. She has been working in her profession for 40 years in various fields: material structure research, ceramics, glass, analytics.  Her research topic is “research and development combustion mechanism of non-combustible and combustible materials,”

Szép János was born 1971 in Győr. He passed his MSc degree in 1989 at the Budapest University of Technology, structural engineering specialization. He has been university lecturer since 2006 at Széchenyi István University (SZE) Győr. He obtained his PhD degree in 2015 at the Doctoral School of Multidisciplinary Engineering Sciences in Győr. He has been vice dean for educational affairs at Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Transport Sciences in SZE since 2015, head of Department of Structural Engineering and Geotechnics since 2019. His main fields of interest are: soil-structure interaction, fire design at loadbearing structures, behaviour of constructions materials at elevated temperature. szepj@sze.hu


Gyapjas, J., Bérczi, L.: Heat and smoke extraction from the point of view of the fire protection authority, in terms of with obtaining occupancy permit

Abstract: Ensuring proper heat and smoke extraction is very important in fire protection. Its significance is also emphasized by earlier fire events. According to our hypothesis, the prevalence of certain sub-areas of heat and smoke extraction is not optimal. Construction is such a sub-area, therefore in our study we mainly deal with implementation. This can be improved by identifying connection network, methods, typical and recurrent insufficiencies, and making targeted suggestions. Relevant on-site experience is gained by the fire prevention authority, therefore this perspective was chosen in our study. We consider the construction of heat and smoke to be problematic, so greater emphasis is put on occupancy permit inspections. Our research methods were focus group interviews, questionnaires, and the analysis of documentation and regulation. Nodes were identified and a model of occupancy permit inspections was set up. The general situation assessment gradually declines from design through construction to operation. The safety awareness of investors and operators is considered to be low, and the problems experienced during construction and operation are considered to be relatively common. We identified 8 typical problems in the design phase and 10 in the construction phase. We present a complex solution plan. Based on the results, we recommend continuing the research, using it for educational purposes, and for the reviewing of regulations.

B.Gen. Dr. László Bérczi PhD. Inspector General for Fire Service, National Directorate General for Disaster Management – He has gained extensive experience on the field of firefighting and fire protection in his more than twenty years of career both in country and in the capital city of Budapest. He has been working in leadership positions for almost 17 years, he controlled several serious fire-fighting operations in the capital. Beside his professional management activity, he has been training firefighting and fire protection experts, lectures in professional conferences, furthermore he takes role in work of several NGOs, and professional organization of the fire safety field. He is a member of the Scientific Council of Disaster Management, he is the head of the fire protection project group, and the chairman of CTIF Hungarian National Committee. As a member of the Subcommittee on Disaster Management and Fire Protection of the Examination Committee of Law Enforcement he is qualified examiner. Several of his studies were published related to fire safety field. He is the honorary professor of Ybl Miklós Faculty of Civil Engineering in Szent István University. He has a degree in safety advisory for the transport of dangerous goods.

Col. János Gyapjas  deputy director, Bács-Kiskun County Disaster Management Directorate – János Gyapjas has a degree in fire safety engineering (Bsc) and disaster management engineering (Msc), and currently he is an applicant for Ph.D. His field of research is disaster management and fire safety engineering. He is the founding president of the Fire Safety Section of Chamber of Civil Engineers of Bács-Kiskun County. He regularly organises notable conferences on fire safety engineering.

Lt. Regina Zsófia Haris, Fire safety officer – Her first experience with firefighting was a devastating fire in the college building of her hometown. She was a teenager at that time, and this sad event directed her to the fire safety field. She has been a volunteer firefighter ever since, and she obtained a degree in fire safety engineering 8 years ago. She has been working for the Fire Prevention Department of Bács-Kiskun County Disaster Management Directorate since 2012 as a fire safety officer. She focuses on enforcing fire safety related regulations and building codes either during design, construction or operation.


Komlai, K., Restás. Á., Kerekes, Zs.: Fire Resistance Termodinamic Test of Self-supporting Double Skin Metal Faced Sandwich Panels

Ágoston Restás, PhD habil., PhD - Restas.Agoston@uni-nke.hu Dr Ágoston Restás (Eng., ret. Firefighter Lt. Colonel) habilitated associate professor at the National University of Public Service, Faculty of Law Enforcement, Institute of Disaster Management, head of the Department of Fire Protection and Rescue Operation Management. Restas holds mechanical engineering (1988), economist (1999) and disaster manager (2002) degrees. In 2008 Restás made his PhD thesis at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defense University, titled “Research and development of the aerial reconnaissance and extinguishing of forest fires”. In 2013 Restas prepared his other PhD thesis at the Corvinus University of Budapest, titled “Decision-making of firefighting managers in emergencies”. Habilitation was also passed in 2015 at the National University of Public Service, Budapest.

Zsuzsanna Kerekes was born 1958 in Budapest. She began her hight studies in 1976 at the Pannon University in Veszprém, and obtained the MSc degree in chemical engineering, silicate chemistry specialization.  She began her dr.univ studies in 1981 at the Doctoral School of Budapest University of Technology Faculty of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. She has been an university lecturer since 1999-2020 at Ybl Miklós Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering Fire-safety Engineering Óbuda University as fire protection laboratory leader. She obtained a PhD degree in 2015 and habil degree in 2019. Instructor since 2019 at the University of Public Service. She has been working in her profession for 40 years in various fields: material structure research, ceramics, glass, analytics.  Her research topic is “research and development combustion mechanism of non-combustible and combustible materials,”

Krisztina Komlai was born on 14 February 1989 in Pécs. She began her studies in 2007 at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics Faculty of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology and obtained the BSc degree in Chemical Engineering. She began her MSc studies in 2013 at the University of Pannonia and obtained the MSc degree in Materials Engineering. She is currently a testing engineer at the Fire Testing Laboratory of ÉMI Non-profit Limited Liability Company for quality control and innovation in building. She is currently studying as Fire Safety Engineer and her research topic is “Fire resistance test of self-supporting double skin metal faced sandwich panels”. The expected time for her thesis defence is spring 2021.


Subsection 3

Debreceni, P: Review of National Forest Fire Prevention System In Hungary Innovative Strategies for Fire Prevention

Abstract: The forest fire prevention activity is implemented in cooperation with the forestry authority and disaster management. Data collection and analysis of wildfires carried out, periods of high fire risk are determined and a fire ban is announced within the framework of the Forest Fire Information System. Based on the fire hazard classification of forest areas, forest fire protection plans are prepared and updated by authorities and forest managers. Providing appropriate information on forest fire for citizens is a core element of forest fire prevention. A communication plan has been prepared to organize communication actions and awareness raising campaigns. In this short study I would like to outline the structure of the forest fire prevention system in Hungary and to identify that topics where development and the incorporation of innovative techniques are needed.

Peter Debreceni


Péter Tóth, Péter Pántya: The role of ÉMI LLC. in Hungarian fire protection

Abstract: The diverse activities of ÉMI Nonprofit LLC. are related to the Hungarian Disaster Management in many respects, especially to the field of fire protection. ÉMI Nonprofit LLC. is currently the largest organization in Hungary dealing with the conformity assessment and testing of construction products. The test reports, technical assessments, certificates and specialist resolutions issued by it are the accepted basic documents of fire protection planning. ÉMI also contributes to the preparation of Hungarian fire protection technical guidelines and fire protection legislation and standards. It shares its international experience in publications. 

Péter Tóth was born on 25th of July 1971 in Budapest. He began his studies in 2000 at the Technical University of Budapest and obtained the MSc degree in Civil Engineering. He began his PhD studies in 2016 at the Doctoral School of Military Engineering at the University of Public Service. He is currently the Chief Scientific Officer of ÉMI LLC, expert member of the Standing Committee of Construction and the GRP-Advisory Group on Construction of European Commission. He is also a PhD Candidate. His research topic is “Development of testing method of facade fire propagation” The expected time for his thesis defence is 2022.

 

 

Péter Pántya began his studies in 2003 at the Tessedik Sámuel College (BSc degree in human affairs) later continue at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defence University (MSc an BSc) for Defence Administration Organizer (Disaster Management, Fire Protection and Firefighter) He began his PhD studies in 2008 at the Doctoral School of Military Engineering at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defence University. He is currently an associate professor at the Institute for Disaster Management of the Faculty of Law Enforcement at the University of Public Service. He also has a habilitation. His research topics are: fire and disaster management activities, technical equipment, and the raising of the efficiency of the fire organisations at the incidents.


Rhoda Mensah:Advances in Assessment Methods for Fire Safety


Peter Pantya: Issues of energy sources in the field of Fire Protection

Abstract: The built environment gives a frame to our life at home and during our working hours, travelling between them. In this circumstances multiple dangers are present to the people, some are by the built area and some by the standalone energy sources or the energy network. The fire protection has two brotherly sides. One is the prevention line, for example by the authority work (licensing, control) and the other line is the intervention, for the firefighting and technical rescues. In this presentation analysed some challenges and issues for the Fire Protection organisations in built environment and demonstrating some solutions to help the fire officers during the prevention and intervention duty close different energy sources.

Péter Pántya began his studies in 2003 at the Tessedik Sámuel College (BSc degree in human affairs) later continue at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defence University (MSc an BSc) for Defence Administration Organizer (Disaster Management, Fire Protection and Firefighter) He began his PhD studies in 2008 at the Doctoral School of Military Engineering at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defence University. He is currently an associate professor at the Institute for Disaster Management of the Faculty of Law Enforcement at the University of Public Service. He also has a habilitation. His research topics are: fire and disaster management activities, technical equipment, and the raising of the efficiency of the fire organisations at the incidents.


Subsection 4

Peter Pantya: Basics of the fire protection of alternative energy sources

Abstract: We make our lives easier with various technical possibilities and machines. They are traditionally powered by electricity from transmission lines or by conventional diesel and petrol fuels. The different energy sources also pose tasks and challenges in the field of fire protection. A review of the basic, related knowledge is now done to see what these alternative directions are and what their characteristics are. What additional issues do each non-traditional energy source raise in the field of fire safety.

Péter Pántya began his studies in 2003 at the Tessedik Sámuel College (BSc degree in human affairs) later continue at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defence University (MSc an BSc) for Defence Administration Organizer (Disaster Management, Fire Protection and Firefighter) He began his PhD studies in 2008 at the Doctoral School of Military Engineering at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defence University. He is currently an associate professor at the Institute for Disaster Management of the Faculty of Law Enforcement at the University of Public Service. He also has a habilitation. His research topics are: fire and disaster management activities, technical equipment, and the raising of the efficiency of the fire organisations at the incidents.


Király, L. Restás, Á.: Examination of ATEX rule changes in Hungary

Abstract: today, there are a number of legal requirements in the field of the protection of explosion. Of these requirements, a significant is the 99/92/EC (also known as 'ATEX 137' or the 'ATEX Workplace Directive') on minimum requirements for improving the health and safety protection of workers potentially at risk from explosive atmospheres. The text of the Directive and the supporting EU produced guidelines are available on the EU-website. Directive 94/9/EC (also known as 'ATEX 95' or 'the ATEX Equipment Directive') on the approximation of the laws of Members States concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. The text of the Directive and EU produced supporting guidelines are available on the EU website.

Lajos Kiraly was born on 22nd of April in Tatabanya. He began his studies in 2004 at the University of Szechenyi Istvan, Gyor and graduated as an environmental engineer and in 2014 the BSc degree in mechatronics engineer in Banki Donat Faculty of Obuda University. He began his PhD studies in 2016 at the Doctoral School of Military Engineering at the University of Public Service. He is currently an EHS task owner in a multinational chemical industry, who works in the automotive industry and has market lead worldwide. His research topic is “research developements in ATEX.” The expected time for his thesis defence is spring 2021. 

Ágoston Restás, PhD habil., PhD - Restas.Agoston@uni-nke.hu Dr Ágoston Restás (Eng., ret. Firefighter Lt. Colonel) habilitated associate professor at the National University of Public Service, Faculty of Law Enforcement, Institute of Disaster Management, head of the Department of Fire Protection and Rescue Operation Management. Restas holds mechanical engineering (1988), economist (1999) and disaster manager (2002) degrees. In 2008 Restás made his PhD thesis at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defense University, titled “Research and development of the aerial reconnaissance and extinguishing of forest fires”. In 2013 Restas prepared his other PhD thesis at the Corvinus University of Budapest, titled “Decision-making of firefighting managers in emergencies”. Habilitation was also passed in 2015 at the National University of Public Service, Budapest.


Ragács, N-Kerekes, Zs-Restás, Á: Thermodynamic behavior of isolation materials exposed to radiation heat

Ágoston Restás, PhD habil., PhD - Restas.Agoston@uni-nke.hu Dr Ágoston Restás (Eng., ret. Firefighter Lt. Colonel) habilitated associate professor at the National University of Public Service, Faculty of Law Enforcement, Institute of Disaster Management, head of the Department of Fire Protection and Rescue Operation Management. Restas holds mechanical engineering (1988), economist (1999) and disaster manager (2002) degrees. In 2008 Restás made his PhD thesis at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defense University, titled “Research and development of the aerial reconnaissance and extinguishing of forest fires”. In 2013 Restas prepared his other PhD thesis at the Corvinus University of Budapest, titled “Decision-making of firefighting managers in emergencies”. Habilitation was also passed in 2015 at the National University of Public Service, Budapest.

Zsuzsanna Kerekes was born 1958 in Budapest. She began her hight studies in 1976 at the Pannon University in Veszprém, and obtained the MSc degree in chemical engineering, silicate chemistry specialization.  She began her dr.univ studies in 1981 at the Doctoral School of Budapest University of Technology Faculty of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. She has been an university lecturer since 1999-2020 at Ybl Miklós Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering Fire-safety Engineering Óbuda University as fire protection laboratory leader. She obtained a PhD degree in 2015 and habil degree in 2019. Instructor since 2019 at the University of Public Service. She has been working in her profession for 40 years in various fields: material structure research, ceramics, glass, analytics.  Her research topic is “research and development combustion mechanism of non-combustible and combustible materials,”

Szép János was born 1971 in Győr. He passed his MSc degree in 1989 at the Budapest University of Technology, structural engineering specialization. He has been university lecturer since 2006 at Széchenyi István University (SZE) Győr. He obtained his PhD degree in 2015 at the Doctoral School of Multidisciplinary Engineering Sciences in Győr. He has been vice dean for educational affairs at Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Transport Sciences in SZE since 2015, head of Department of Structural Engineering and Geotechnics since 2019. His main fields of interest are: soil-structure interaction, fire design at loadbearing structures, behaviour of constructions materials at elevated temperature. szepj@sze.hu
 
 
 
Nikoletta Ragács was born 1992 in Budapest. She began his hight studies at the Szent Istvan University in Budapest, and graduated in fire safety engineer.  Since 2014 fire safety engineer at the National Directorate General for Disaster Management. She has been working in the fire safety design and contruction. Her research topic is “burning of the plastic and rockwool thermal insulators, polystyrene, polyurethane foams, thermoanalytical tests” 

Abstract: The system of tasks of the professional disaster management body comprises a very wide range of activities. The tasks based on industrial security, fire protection and civil protection include authority prevention of disasters, organization and management of protection, implementation of rescue in emerged civil emergencies, as well as liquidation of the harmful consequences and realization of restoration-reconstruction. In addition  the industrial security, the professional field of water affairs and water protection have been performing more widely authority and professional authority activities in the past periods.  Authority activity is the important part of disaster management, prevention, planning and organization activity. The fire protection authority takes licencing, prohibiting and limiting measures, conducts fire inspections, issues authority certificates and imposes fire protection fines during its activity.

Key words: disaster management, fire protection, authority and professional authority activity, prevention

Dr. Mónika Nováky fire-fighting lieutenant colonel was born on 3 of July 1969 in Barcs. She began her studies in 1992 at the Police College and obtained the BSc degree in customs investigator and in 2005 border police organiser. She began her studies at the Janus Pannonius University in Pécs in 2000 and graduated in law in 2003. In 2009 she took a professional law exam, and in 2010 she took a law enforcement exam. PhD studies began in 2015 at the Doctoral School of Military Engineering at the University of Public Service and she obtained a PhD degree in 2019. Her research topic is „Legal and technical development of the application of European voluntary humanitarian aid capacities in disaster management”. From 2014 she is teaches at the Institute of Disaster Management of the Faculty of Law Enforcement at the University of Public Service. She is an assistant professor. 


Subsection 5

S. Ramakrishna, O. Das, A. Restas: Microscale Combustion Calorimetry (MCC)

Ágoston Restás, PhD habil., PhD - Restas.Agoston@uni-nke.hu Dr Ágoston Restás (Eng., ret. Firefighter Lt. Colonel) habilitated associate professor at the National University of Public Service, Faculty of Law Enforcement, Institute of Disaster Management, head of the Department of Fire Protection and Rescue Operation Management. Restas holds mechanical engineering (1988), economist (1999) and disaster manager (2002) degrees. In 2008 Restás made his PhD thesis at the Miklós Zrínyi National Defense University, titled “Research and development of the aerial reconnaissance and extinguishing of forest fires”. In 2013 Restas prepared his other PhD thesis at the Corvinus University of Budapest, titled “Decision-making of firefighting managers in emergencies”. Habilitation was also passed in 2015 at the National University of Public Service, Budapest.

Vigneshwaran Shanmugam is an Assistant Professor at the Saveetha School of Engineering at the Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Tamil Nadu, India. Vigneshwaran completed his Ph.D. at the Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Tamil Nadu, India, and his postgraduate and graduate studies at Anna University, Tamil Nadu. His research interests lie in the field of bio-composites, ranging from theory to design to characterization. He has worked actively with researchers in the field of polymers, in particular on the development of environmentally sustainable bio composites. He worked for 3 years in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, the Government of India funded the project. He has published around 25 publications in international journals.


L. Bérczi, D. Farkas: Research on the development of the fire investigation procedures

Abstract: In research on the development of fire investigation procedures we examined the corner stones; the personal conditions, the material conditions, the international results, the professional competitions and the achievements. These development possibilities were evaluated separately. Firstly the current situation and then the direction and schedule of development were presented. In the last 8 years the results has become tangible, the evidence of which is the effectiveness of fire investigation procedures, the rising proportion of proven causes.

B.Gen. Dr. László Bérczi PhD. Inspector General for Fire Service, National Directorate General for Disaster Management – He has gained extensive experience on the field of firefighting and fire protection in his more than twenty years of career both in country and in the capital city of Budapest. He has been working in leadership positions for almost 17 years, he controlled several serious fire-fighting operations in the capital. Beside his professional management activity, he has been training firefighting and fire protection experts, lectures in professional conferences, furthermore he takes role in work of several NGOs, and professional organization of the fire safety field. He is a member of the Scientific Council of Disaster Management, he is the head of the fire protection project group, and the chairman of CTIF Hungarian National Committee. As a member of the Subcommittee on Disaster Management and Fire Protection of the Examination Committee of Law Enforcement he is qualified examiner. Several of his studies were published related to fire safety field. He is the honorary professor of Ybl Miklós Faculty of Civil Engineering in Szent István University. He has a degree in safety advisory for the transport of dangerous goods.

Diana Farkas  officer - National Directorate General for Disaster Management - She has experience in arhitecural design, building regulation and fire protection authority work. She was gradulated in Architecture and has a degree in fire safety engineering in building design. She has been working for the National Directorate General for Disaster Management for seven years. She participated in the organisation of the fire investigators competitions. She helps the work of B.Gen. Dr. László Bérczi PhD. in the CTIF. 

 

 


Mészáros, I-Kátai-Urbán, L-Cimer, Zs-Gy. Vass: Hospital evacuation

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to illustrate the special cases of a fire in a hospital (intensive, perinatal intensive department), that may be encountered by the fire-fighters. Due to these special circumstances, the evacuation time of the facility can be significantly increased. There are unusual evacuation and rescue methods, which requires special devices and more intense human resources. The evacuation of a hospital is more than the usual evacuation plan, the goal is to maintain the health care services during and after the evacuation, so it is necessary to apply the Evacuation Plan of the Hospital Disaster Plan during a fire evacuation. This requires much more accurate and complex training from both sides, either the fire-fighters and the medical staff. Also its effectiveness depends on a large extent of the architectural and fire protection design of the building, its modernity, the available medical and rescue equipment and the number of medical staff.

Keywords: Hospital Disaster Plan, fire alarm, evacuation, PICU, NICU, ICU, shelter-in-place, fire compartment

István Mészáros: Former general director of technical affairs and security liaison officer (in field of Critical Infrastructures) by Semmelweis University. Organized a number of complex disaster management exercises in healthcare environment. In 2017 arranged the „Security specialist of the year” honourable award from Security Managers’ Association in Hungary. Nowadays he is doctoral student in National University of Public Services, the topic of his research the complex business continuity planning in hospitals from disaster management side.

 

 

 

Ing. dr. jur. Lajos Kátai-Urbán PhD (1969): Colonel of fire protection, associate professor, head of Department for Industrial Safety for the Institute of Disaster Management, at the University of Public Service (UPS), Budapest, Hungary. He is responsible for the establishment and development of the industrial safety’s higher education system within the institution. He has been working for 14 years in the field of the prevention of industrial and transport accidents at the National Disaster Management Authority in Hungary. He was elected as a deputy chair of the UN ECE Industrial Accident Convention between 2004-2008. He obtained a Ph.D degree in military technical sciences (2005) at Zrínyi Miklós Defence University and habilitation degree (2015) at UPS, Budapest.

Zsolt Cimer is a chemical engineer, engineer-economist, fire protection engineer and associate professor. He is the vice dean of the Faculty of Water Science at the University of Public Service in Hungary. His research specialization is defence design, industrial safety, explosion protection and risk analysis. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Colonel Dr. habil. Gyula Vass was born in 1957. He has been leading the Institute of Disaster Management since 2017. Colonel Dr. Vass has master’s degrees in civil engineer (1991) and fire engineering (1986). He defended his PhD thesis in the field of military sciences, disaster management in 2006 at the Zrínyi Miklós National Defence University. In 2016 he habilitated at Ludovika-UPS and from 2017, he is full-time associate professor. He has positions at Fire and Disaster Management organisations as a firefighter, fire prevention officer, industrial safety expert and different fire chiefs. He is a member of the Scientific Council for Disaster Management, the Technical Scientific Section for Nuclear Accident Prevention and the Nuclear Energy Certification Commission.


 

 
 
 

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